Novel substrates in the marine environment are subject to natural processes of succession, whereby competitively dominant species overtake opportunistic and poorly established species over time.
Seeding preemptively populates novel substrates with native species who’s proliferation would benefit urban marine ecosystems.
Targeted enhancement involves making major changes to novel substrates that are known to support the establishment of specific taxa.
Both approaches are highly experimental. While we encourage their implementation, particularly in locations with major issues surrounding non-native marine organisms, their use should be documented carefully and in a manner that effectively tests for impacts on other marine life.
Contact us if you have questions.