Novel substrates in the marine environment are subject to natural processes of succession, whereby competitively dominant species overtake opportunistic and poorly established species over time. Seeding preemptively populates novel substrates … Continue readingHow does seeding and targeted enhancement work?
Ecological enhancements are design features, retrofitting structures, or stand-alone units that ameliorate conditions for marine organisms. In urban marine environments, ecological enhancements are primarily aimed at increasing biodiversity, supporting functionally important … Continue readingWhat is ecological enhancement?
Light and sound are introduced into the marine environment from a variety of human activities, including coastal construction and development, shipping, oil and gas extraction, marine renewable energy, military operations, … Continue readingWhat is underwater light and sound pollution?
Ecologists typically use the word ‘landscape’ to refer to mosaics of interacting ecosystems that become evident when you zoom out from a single habitat. Though these mosaics can occur at … Continue readingWhat is a seascape?
Ocean sprawl is the proliferation of human-made structures on the seafloor. These structures include everything from seawalls to discarded garden statues. Many of the structures that lead to ocean sprawl … Continue readingWhat is ocean sprawl?
Foundation species, or ecosystem engineers, are organisms that physically modify the environment in ways that benefit other species and enhance diversity. For instance, reef-building corals and canopy-forming kelps form structurally … Continue readingWhat are foundation species?
Synanthropes often share several characteristics: They are typically generalists –their diet varies according to what’s available. They are often opportunistic, “r-selected” species (short lifespan with high reproduction rate – think … Continue readingWhat makes an urban synanthrope?
Key Points: Giant Pacific octopus the largest known octopus species in the world. A recent study suggests that deep-dwelling giant Pacific octopus are positively correlated with urbanization intensity. This … Continue readingUrban Octopus
Key Points: Algal turfs are thick, carpet-like beds of seaweed that retain sediment and compete with foundation species like corals and kelps. High nutrient and sediment loads in urban … Continue readingAlgal Turf Takeover
Key Points: Urban sea lions utilize the extensive haul-out opportunities provided by buoys, floating docks, and other urban infrastructure. Dense aggregations of sea lions in many coastal cities suggest they … Continue readingSea Lions: City Slickers